JESUS: IN THE OLD TESTAMENT

The Bible is an amazing book, we can read it, memorize it, even believe we understand it and then one day God opens our eyes and old things pass away, the word becomes new.  Suddenly we begin to understand and see things in a different light.

For most of my Christian life the Old Testament has been the Father Gods domain.

I thought of the God of the Old Testament as Father God, Lord God or just Lord or God.  They were all interchangeable names for the same member of the Trinity, who ruled the Old Testament. He and the Spirit were active,  where was Jesus?

The Father God wrote the book of the law and He was the book and the law. Whatever we called Him, He was one member of the Trinity.  When He spoke the earth moved, things got done, He was to be feared and obeyed.

Jesus was there somewhere but silent, invisible, waiting for his cue to enter center stage. The Spirit also, was quietly hovering, ready to explode on to the scene.

In the New Testament it was easy to see the Trinity.  The Son, Jesus is the main character, God speaks from heaven and Jesus promises to send the Spirit, the comforter to those who believe.  It is easy to compartmentalize, the Father in the Old Testament, Jesus in the New Testament and the Spirit for today.

Many believe that the Lord God of the Old Testament is no longer relevant.  The Law has been replaced by grace.  Jesus did it all.  It is now the Spirits turn.  The Old Testament is full of interesting stories, or maybe old wives tails, at best it is ancient history. The New Testament is all we really need to understand.

When we believe this, I think we fail to comprehend just how great the sacrifice,  Jesus made when He left the heavens to save us.   Jesus and the Spirit were more than silent observers, they were active participants of the Trinity.

1 Corinthians 12:4-7

King James Version (KJV)

Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.

And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.

And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.  But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.

Do we understand who they were and what they did?  Is the Godhead active today?

When I read the Bible, I have to wonder is the Spirit still hovering?  Yes, people are getting saved, sanctified, holy ghost filled and water baptized but is that all there is?

The question is this:  Where is the God of the Bible? The Lord who preformed miracles, healed the sick, walked on water.  Where are the signs that are supposed to follow those who believe?

Has the Lord God changed?  Where is the power that Jesus has promised?   Is the Holy Spirit that lives within us the weak link? Or is it possible that we don’t know what to do with what we have.

The answer to these questions is in the Word. We need the help of the Holy Spirit to understand, to believe that God is and He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him.

The Lord God in the Old Testament, is not one member of the Trinity with interchangeable names but rather two separate, individual, distinct members of the Godhead.

The Lord (Jehovah) in the Hebrew means The Eternal One.

God (Elohim) in the Hebrew means Creator/ Ruler of all. So when Moses met the Lord God,  he was meeting not one but two members of the Trinity. This is the passage that opened my eyes.

Moses meets the Lord God: (Jehovah Elohim)

Exodus 3

King James Version (KJV)

And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.  And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.  And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.

When the Lord (Jehovah) saw that Moses was paying attention, God (Elohim) called.  The Lord (Jehovah) saw and God (Elohim) called.  That was the first indication, that I’d been looking at the Old Testament wrong. The Lord (Jehovah) and God (Elohim) are two different, separate members of the Trinity.  Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible. He recognized the distinct differences and the oneness of the Trinity. He knew them as one and as individuals.

God said:

And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.  Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

When people meet God (Elohim) something happens. Moses hid his face, afraid.

Getting to know God (Elohim):

Genesis 1:1

King James Version (KJV)

In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

The word we use, God, is translated from the Hebrew, Elohim.  It means creator, ruler of all. As we look through the Bible we begin to see what God (Elohim) is all about.  He is the operations manager.  He is the power of the spoken word. The Word became flesh in the New Testament.  Jesus is the Word.

If we look at the life of Daniel and the three Hebrew children, we find that God gives them wisdom and understanding, the ability to understand literature and Daniel could also discern dreams. Like Joseph before him he needed to explain the dream as well as the interpretation.

They were promoted to places of power in the land.  Their God  was proclaimed God of the kingdom. They were blessed by God, because they dedicated their lives to Him.

They served three different rulers and had to stand fast with God to survive. The three Hebrew children were thrown into the fiery furnace because they would not bow down to a statue.  They said:  The God we serve is able to save us, willing to save us, and if not we will serve Him anyway.

All four were children of the tribe of Judah, they understood the power of praise. They prayed together and sought God, together.   At The start they were with Daniel in deciding to purpose in their hearts not to defile themselves with the kings abundance.

Daniel prayed after it was illegal to pray to God and was thrown into the lion’s den. Delivered safely because he trusted God. Daniel prayed to the Lord (Jehovah) but Gabriel told him God (Elohim) heard him from the first day he humbled himself to learn.

The Lord when ready to destroy the earth said this about three saints to Ezekiel.

Ezekiel 14:20

King James Version (KJV)

Though Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live, saith the Lord God, they shall deliver neither son nor daughter; they shall but deliver their own souls by their righteousness.

The Lord was speaking to Ezekiel, the whole world was wicked, if Israel didn’t repent, the Lord would destroy the earth. These three people are really special.  Noah had saved his family by walking with God.

When we study the lives of these three men, we find that they had more interactions with God (Elohim), then the Lord (Jehovah).

I believe that the key to this in Daniels life, is in this verse:

Daniel 1:8-9

King James Version (KJV)

But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king’s meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs.

God gives him favor, he gives God, himself…undefiled. How could we today purpose, in our hearts to become clean,  holy, sanctified, undefiled.   We could make rules and restrictions, laws and regulations but we would fail. The only way we can be acceptable to the Lord (Jehovah) is to know God (Jesus).

Daniel knows God (Elohim),  is a faithful servant and is blessed and protected because of it.

From the lion’s den to standing before the king to explain dreams. Knowing the blessing of God, can make you fearless.

How about Noah?

Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord (Jehovah).  He was just and perfect in his generation, Noah walked with God (Elohim) and God took him. The reason he is just and perfect is because he walked with God. The only way to find salvation is to walk with Jesus.   We must come to the Father (Jehovah) thru the Son.

Job is much the same.

Job 1:8

King James Version (KJV)

And the Lord said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil?

Notice the Lord (Jehovah), didn’t say fears me but God. God (Elohim) gives blessing, wisdom, understanding and skill to teach and do, to build His kingdom.

God (Elohim) said it, it was so, it was good. God created the heavens and earth with His spoken word.  He created man and blessed him.   God gave Eve, Seth to replace Cain and Able.

Later God walked with Enoch. Enoch is with the Trinity today in heaven.  God warned Noah of the flood.  Noah was just and perfect in his generation, because Noah walked with God.

God instructed Noah on building the ark.  God remembered Noah, floating helpless upon the water.  God sent the wind to dry the earth.  Made the covenant, a rainbow, He would not flood the earth again.

Abram meets God: (Elohim)

Genesis 17

King James Version (KJV)

And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.

And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.  And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,

As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.  Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.  And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

Notice Abram is 99, the Lord (Jehovah) comes to him and introduced Himself as the Almighty God.  (El Shadday)  Abram had been meeting with the Lord, (Jehovah) offering  sacrifices to the Lord, doing all that the Lord had asked for twenty-four years.

Thirteen years before this Abram had rescued Lot from captivity and met Melchizedek the High Priest of God.  (Elohim)  Abram prayed with Melchizedek and tithed to him,  Melchizedek served bread and wine. This is the first time God (Elohim) is mentioned to Abram.

The Lord (Jehovah) had been telling Abram for twenty-four years about the covenant promise. Now the Lord (Jehovah) reminds him once again.  “Walk before me and be thou perfect.”  Then I will make my covenant with you.

Almighty God (El Shadday)  shows up and says, “As for me, My covenant is with thee.”  No conditions or promises,  God (Elohim) said it, it is so, it is good. Abraham now knows God (Elohim). Until this point the Lord(Jehovah) had only shown Himself to Abram.   Then He introduced to him the God (Elohim) side of the Trinity. Conventional wisdom is that Melchizedek is a type of Jesus.  This may be but look what happened when Abram met the Almighty God. (El Shadday)

Abram fell on his face

God (Elohim) spoke of the covenant

God (Elohim) changed Abrams name

circumcision is initiated

When we meet Jesus we receive a new name and it is entered into the Lamb’s Book of Life. I don’t know about you but I fell on my face and Worshipped, a changed man, relieved of my burden of sin when I excepted Jesus as my Lord and Savior.

It was God (Elohim) that tested Abraham, sent him to the mountain to sacrifice Isaac. Abraham told Isaac God would supply the lamb.  After meeting Almighty God (El Shadday), Abraham dealt more with God (Elohim)  then with the Lord (Jehovah)

God  (Elohim) told David that he could not build God’s  house.  God asked Solomon what he wanted.  God spoke to Balaam and Jonah.

Getting to know the Lord:(Jehovah)

The word Lord we use in the Old Testament is from the Hebrew word Yahweh or Jehovah,  it means the Eternal One.  The Lord is the administrator, he makes the promises, God (Elohim) carries them out.

Genesis 2:4

King James Version (KJV)

These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens,

This is the first time the Lord (Jehovah) is mentioned, tied to God (Elohim), at one with God (Elohim).  Present at creation. It is the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim) in Genesis, who deals with Adam and Eve.  

There are only four times in the Bible that it says that: “the Lord God  said”. They are all in the garden with Adam and Eve.  In many places the Lord (Jehovah) and God (Elohim) are walking and working together.

There are some 250 that the Lord God saith. So we find the speaking with one voice as well as individuals.

I believe that this is why we have a problem separating them.  It is the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim)  that wants to walk with Adam and Eve in the garden. It is the Lord God who sends them away.

The four Lord God said verses:

Genesis 2:18

And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a help meet for him.

Genesis 3:13

And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Genesis 3:14

And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

Genesis 3:22

And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Genesis 3:23

King James Version (KJV)

Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

Is the Lord (Jehovah) always tied to God (Elohim)?  At first glance absolutely; but I believe that with closer study we can recognize the separation.  Jesus tells us that He and the Father are one, that His words and works are the Fathers. The Lord (Jehovah) and God (Elohim) are separate parts of the Trinity who have different personalities but are always in agreement. They act in harmony together and often do things that the other would normally do. Here we can begin to see and understand the working and separation of the Trinity.

Genesis 4:1

King James Version (KJV)

And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord.

Eve tells us Cain was from the Lord (Jehovah) not the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim). Cain brought his offering to the Lord (Jehovah).   The Lord rejected Cains offering.  Cain left the presence of the Lord. Eve later tells us about Seth.

Genesis 4:25-26

King James Version (KJV)

And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.  And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord.

This is important;   Moses wrote this and points out the difference between the two equal persons of the Trinity.  The Lord (Jehovah) gave Eve Cain but God (Elohim) gave Eve Seth.  Seth had Enos and then men began to call upon the name of the Lord (Jehovah).

The Lord (Jehovah) and God (Elohim) are separate parts of the Trinity. They are not one member with two interchangeable names.   When they interact with people we can recognize the difference.

The Lord (Jehovah) speaking before flood:

And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.  And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.  But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord.

God (Elohim) speaks before the flood:

And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.

And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.  And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.  Make thee an ark of gopher wood;

The Lord (Jehovah) said: “I will destroy man” while God (Elohim) said: “The end of all flesh is come before me”  The Lord (Jehovah) is the administrator, God (Elohim) operations:  Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord (Jehovah) but it was God (Elohim) who showed the way of salvation.  I will destroy, you need to make an ark…

Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord (Jehovah) not because he was just and perfect in his generation, he was just and perfect because he walked with God(Elohim). Noah was righteous in the Lords eyes because Noah walked with God . The Lord accepted Noahs sacrifice after the flood because Noah walked with God.

The only reason we can enter the Holy of Holies now or heaven when our bodies give up the ghost  is because we walk with God. (Jesus)

The Lord (Jehovah) and Abram:

The Lord (Jehovah) had said to Abram,  get thee out of thy country and away from your people and for the next twenty-four years Abram obeyed, sacrificed to and walked before the Lord (Jehovah).  Twice Abram had Sarai say she was his sister.  The first time the Lord closed the wombs of the people till Abram prayed.  The second time was after Abram had met Almighty God and God kept the king from sinning, because the king was a righteous man.

The Lord and Moses:

When we read the book of Exodus we find Moses meeting both the Lord and God. He is introduced to both at the same time. He knew they were separate yet one.  The Lord would speak and he would understand it was the will of both. He would speak the Lords words by saying “Thus saith the Lord”.

It was the Lord who told him to throw down his staff, to grab the snake by the tail so it became a staff again.  The Lord directed all the plagues. The Lord that demanded the blood of the Passover.

It very clearly states that it was God that led them out of Egypt. With the Lord ahead and behind to protect them.

Getting to know the Spirit of God (Elohim):

Genesis 1:1-2

King James Version (KJV)

In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

The Spirit of God: The Ruach Elohim: In the Hebrew. The breath or breeze of God moved upon the face of the waters. The Spirit of God, The Holy Spirit, The Holy Ghost, The Spirit of the Lord Are they all different names for the same Spirit? Again the answer is in the Word.

The phrase the Spirit of God appears twenty six times in Scripture and only twice in Genesis. The first in verse 2 (above). The next time when the Pharaoh asked, about Joseph:

Genesis 41:38

King James Version (KJV)

And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?

People are looking for men and women who have the Spirit of God in their lives. Who walk in the light and power of the Almighty. It is the Spirit that draws people to the Lord.

I don’t believe that we fully appreciate the opportunity we have been given, to be at one in the Spirit. The Spirit of God is also mentioned twice in the book of Exodus. Both times by the Lord concerning building his Tabernacle:

Exodus 31

King James Version (KJV)

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,

To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,

And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.

This time the Lord is speaking, the Lord gave the Spirit of God for the building of His Tabernacle. The Lord didn’t give His own Spirit but the Spirit of God. The Spirit is given to us today so that we will build God’s Tabernacle, His body in the world today.

So we see the Spirit is given to draw men to God and to build His kingdom.

When the Spirit of God came upon men in the Old Testament it was a Spirit of wisdom, understanding and knowledge, or a Spirit of prophesy. Some 26 times the Spirit of God is mentioned in the Bible.

It was the Spirit of God that was upon the waters at creation, the Lord set the Spirit of God on the workmen to build the tabernacle. The Spirit of God came upon Balaam, King Saul, David to prophesy.

The Spirit of God decended on Jesus to start His ministry. He cast out devils by the Spirit of God. To be followers of Jesus we must have the Spirit of God within. We cannot understand the things of God without the Spirit of God.   It is by the power of the Spirit of God that miricles are done.

Getting to know the Spirit of the Lord (Jehovah):

Let’s look at the Spirit of the Lord: The (Ruach Jehovah), The Breeze or breath of the Lord. We don’t have any mention of Him untill the book of Judges.

Judges 3:7-10

King James Version (KJV)

And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and forgat the Lord their God, and served Baalim and the groves. Therefore the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years. And when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord, the Lord raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. And the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the Lord delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.

This is not a hard and fast rule but it generally holds true: The Spirit of God brings blessing, wisdom, understanding and knowledge and prophesy. The Spirit of the Lord generally has a warrior connection. Not always but in most references.

You will also find as in this verse the anger of the Lord some thirty times in Scripture, usually directed at the Israelites, sometimes at individuals. I see the anger of God rarely and usually repented of.

We have the Spirit of the Lord in the life of Gidion, to direct him to victory.   When the children of the Lord cried out because of their bondage,  the Lord sent His angel to Gideon.

Gideon asked if the Lord be with us why are we in bondage, where are the signs and wonders our fathers told of?  Where is the God of Elijah?   I have the same question today.

The angel of the Lord called him a mighty man of valor,  go and deliver the people.  The Lord directed all that Gideon did.   Picking out men for the battle.   ( from 20,000 to 300)   To how to fight, stand still blow the trumpets and let the enemy kill each other.

The Spirit of the Lord came upon him and he defeated the enemy. Gideon told the people he freed, he would not rule over them the Lord would.

The time of Jephthah was much like today, the Lord gave Israel the land through a battle won, the losers do not accept the fact.  Jephthah was an outcast called upon to lead Israel in battle.  The Spirit of the Lord came upon him and the battle was won.   The ending was not happy tho read Judges 11.

In the life of Samson the Spirit of the Lord came upon him for strength and to bring vengeance to his enemies.

Many times the Spirit came upon Samson and many times did he do great exploits.   When the Spirit of the Lord left him he didn’t realize it.   He wasn’t a Godly man, just a man God used.   The Lord gave him as a child, to be set apart for the Lords service.

It was the Spirit of the Lord that came upon David when he was anointed King and the Spirit of the Lord that departed from King Saul. Both men were warriors for the Lord.

Luke 4

King James Version (KJV)

The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

Here we have the Spirit of the Lord giving the anointing to preach, heal, deliver, give sight and freedom.

I believe that the Trinity is alive and well in the world today as it is in the Bible. The Lord, God and the Spirit have all distinct and separate natures who are also One in truth and purpose.

The Holy Spirit,  the Spirit of God, the Spirit of the Lord,  the Holy Ghost. All titles that we commonly use to describe the third person of the Trinity. If you have already read the Spirit of God and the Spirit of the Lord you have probably seen that we might need to take another look.

The Spirit of God gives us wisdom, understanding and knowledge,  the ability to understand dreams and prophesy.  While the Spirit of the Lord

gives war or battle attributes:  Strength, courage, direction.  anoints us to preach, heal the sick, blind and deliver the captives.

So what about the Holy Spirit?  Would you be surprised to realize  that “the Holy Spirit”  is only mentioned by name in the Old Testament three times.  We have evil spirits from God and evil spirits from the Lord also spirits of  the holy Gods but the Holy Spirit only Three times?

 Twice in Isaiah 63 concerning the Exodus, and  Davids prayer after being told of his sin with Bathsheba.

Psalm 51:11

King James Version (KJV)

11 Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.

D

avid knew the Holy  Spirit,  he was anointed by the Lord, directed by the Lord but unlike King Saul or Samson,  he knew and loved the Lord.  He would have noticed the Spirit of the Lord being taken away.

T

he Holy Spirit was grieved when mentioned in the Old Testament.  

Who have we met and what have they done:

God (Elohim) creator and ruler of all.  God of the Trinity said it,  it was so and it was good.   God said Let us create man in our image.

The Spirit of God  (Ruach of Elohim),   moved upon the waters.   The Spirit of God gives us wisdom, understanding and knowledge.  Prophesy,  understanding of dreams and interpretation of same.

The Lord (Jehovah),  the Eternal One.   He was with God at creation.   Is always in agreement with God but has a different character or nature.  You begin to recognize the difference as you read their conversations with Noah, Abraham and Moses.

The Spirit of the Lord. (Ruach of Jehovah),   gave wisdom, strength, courage in battle as well as anointing to preach, heal and deliver.

Evil Spirits from God and the Lord both trouble King Saul after the Spirit of the Lord leaves him.

Finally we find the Holy Spirit    grieved by the behavior of the chosen ones.

I wonder how well they match up in the New Testament?

 

6 thoughts on “JESUS: IN THE OLD TESTAMENT

  1. Isaiah 11:2
    Names of God Bible (NOG)
    2 The Ruach Yahweh will rest on him—
        the Ruach of wisdom and understanding,
        the Ruach of advice and power,
        the Ruach of knowledge and fear of Yahweh.

    Yes He is the three inone…I believe His Name in the Old Testament Was God. John 1:1-5

    Like

  2. Isaiah 9:6
    Names of God Bible (NOG)
    6 A child will be born for us.
        A son will be given to us.
        The government will rest on his shoulders.
        He will be named:
            Wonderful Counselor,
            Mighty God,
            Everlasting Father,
            Sar Shalom.

    Like

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