JESUS: IN THE OLD TESTAMENT

The Bible is an amazing book, we read it, memorize it, even believe we understand it, and then one day God opens our eyes and old things pass away, the Word becomes new.  Suddenly we understand what the Word had always said and we had never acknowledged.

For most of my Christian life the Old Testament has been the Father Gods domain.   I thought of the God of the Old Testament as Father God, Lord God or just the Lord or God.  They were all interchangeable names for the same member of the Trinity, who ruled the Old Testament.

The Father and the Spirit were active, but, where was Jesus?

The Father God wrote and was the book of the law.  Whatever we called Him, He was one member of the Trinity. When He spoke the earth moved, things got done, He was to be feared and obeyed.

Jesus was there somewhere but silent, invisible, waiting for his cue to enter center stage. The Spirit also, was quietly hovering, ready to explode on the scene.

In the New Testament it was easier, to see the Trinity.  The Son, Jesus is the main character, the Father, speaks from heaven, and Jesus promises to send the Holy Spirit, the Comforter to those who believe.

It is easy to understand, the Father in the Old Testament, Jesus in the New Testament and the Spirit for today.

Many believe that the Lord God of the Old Testament is no longer relevant.  The Law has been fulfilled by  Jesus, who brought Saving Grace to those who believe.

Today it is the Holy Spirits turn,   Jesus sent the Holy Spirit, to give us the Power  to Heal, Comfort, Teach, and Lead us, to all truth.

We believe, the Old Testament is full of interesting stories, or old wives tails, and at best, ancient history.

In believing the New Testament is all we need to understand, we fail to comprehend, the great sacrifice God made.  He left the heavens, became a man, to suffer and die,  so Believers, become  Blameless, covered by the Blood of The Lamb.

The Trinity, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are active throughout the Bible.

Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.   And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.   And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.  But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.”  (1 Corinthians 12:4-7  King James Version)

Can we understand the Trinity?  Can we know who they are and what they do?  Is the Godhead, (the Trinity, the Deity), active today?  When I read the Bible, I wonder, where is the Power of God, the Miracles, Jesus promised?

Is the Spirit still hovering?  Yes, people are getting saved, sanctified, Holy Ghost filled and water baptized, but, is that all we should expect?

Where is the God of Elijah, the God of the Bible? The Lord who preformed miracles, who healed the sick, raised the dead, and walked on water.  Where are the Signs and Wonders that are supposed to follow those who believe?

Has the Lord God changed?  Where is the power that Jesus has promised?   Is the Holy Spirit that lives within us the weak link? Or is it possible that we don’t know, what to do, with what we have?

The answer to these questions is revealed in the Word. We need the help of the Holy Spirit to understand, to believe, that God is and He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him.

The Lord God in the Old Testament, is not one member of the Trinity with interchangeable names but rather two separate, distinct, individual, members of the Godhead.

Chapter One:   Moses meets the Lord God: (Jehovah Elohim)

The Lord (Jehovah) in the Hebrew means The Eternal One.   God (Elohim) in the Hebrew means Creator/ Ruler of all. So when Moses met the Lord God,  he was meeting not one, but two members of the Trinity. This is the passage that opened my eyes.

And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.  And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.  And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.”  (Exodus 3:2-4)

When the Lord (Jehovah) saw that Moses was paying attention, God (Elohim) called.  That was the first indication, that I’d been looking at the Old Testament wrong. The Lord (Jehovah) and God (Elohim) are two different, separate members of the Trinity.  Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible. He recognized the distinct differences and the oneness of the Trinity. He knew them as one and as individuals.

God said:

“And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.  Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.”  (Exodus 3:5-6)

When people meet God (Elohim) something happens. Moses hid his face, afraid.  As we continue in Exodus 3:7-10 we see the Lord speaking to Moses.

The Lord told Moses that He had seen the Hebrews affliction and heard their cry, and that He would deliver them from their taskmasters.

In verses 11-22 We again hear the voice of God.  God promises to be with Moses, that He is: I AM THAT IS I AM.  I have seen your affliction, I will deliver you, and bring you to a land of milk and honey.

He would smite Egypt with His wonders and the Hebrews would not go empty. That the Egyptians would give them their riches.

In Chapter 4 the Lord, speeks once again.  The Lord tells and  shows Moses the Miracles he will do, He told Moses that Pharaoh would harden his heart and not let them go.  The Lord even told Moses that He would slay Pharaoh’s, first-born.

Getting to know God (Elohim):

As we have seen with Moses, there are many instances where we see both the Lord and God interacting with the Faithful.  We can see, (and hear), many differences in their speech.  The Lord, (Jehovah), is the Law Giver, and God, (Elohim), is Grace.

There also, are many examples of the Lord God, speaking with One Voice, as there should be.  The Father, Son and the Holy Spirit are One, they often speak in One Voice, they also speak for themselves.

I realize  this may be a new idea for some, but, I believe the Word will show us the truth.  In the Garden, they walked together in the cool of the day, they were One, in the rebuke of adam, Eve and saten.

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”. (Genesis 1:1  King James Version)

The word we use, God, is translated from the Hebrew, Elohim.  It means Creator/Ruler  of all.  As we look through the Bible we begin to see what God (Elohim) is all about.  He is the operations manager.  He is the power of the spoken word. The Word became flesh in the New Testament.  Jesus is the Word.

At the creation of man, God, (Elohim), said:  ‘Let Us make man in our image.’    ‘Man was Created in the Image of God.’  (Genesis 1:26,27; 9:6)  The New Testament tells us Jesus is the Image of God.  (2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:15)

In the Garden, we find the Lord God speaking in one voice.  He sends them from the Garden before they can eat of the Tree of Life, now that they tasted of the Tree of Knowledge of good and evil.

We see the separation of the Lord from God, in the words of Eve.

And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord.”  (Genesis 4:1  King James Version)

Eve tells us Cain was from the Lord (Jehovah) not the Lord God (Jehovah Elohim). Cain brought his offering to the Lord (Jehovah).   The Lord rejected Cains offering.  Cain left the presence of the Lord. Eve later tells us about Seth.

And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.  And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord.”   (Genesis 4:25-26  King James Version)

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This is important;   Moses wrote this and points out the difference between the two equal persons of the Trinity.  The Lord (Jehovah) gave Eve Cain but God (Elohim) gave Eve Seth.  Seth had Enos and then men began to call upon the name of the Lord (Jehovah).

The Lord (Jehovah) and God (Elohim) are separate parts of the Trinity. They are not one member with two interchangeable names.   When they interact with people we can recognize the difference.

The Lord (Jehovah) speaking before flood:

And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.  And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.  But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord.

God (Elohim) speaks before the flood:

And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.

And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.  And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.  Make thee an ark of gopher wood;

The Lord (Jehovah) said: “I will destroy man” while God (Elohim) said: “The end of all flesh is come before me”  The Lord (Jehovah) is the administrator, God (Elohim) operations:  Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord (Jehovah) but it was God (Elohim) who showed the way of salvation.  I will destroy, you need to make an ark…

Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord (Jehovah) not because he was just and perfect in his generation, he was just and perfect because he walked with God(Elohim). Noah was righteous in the Lords eyes because Noah walked with God . The Lord accepted Noahs sacrifice after the flood because Noah walked with God.

The only reason we can enter the Holy of Holies now or heaven when our bodies give up the ghost  is because we walk with God. (Jesus)

The Lord (Jehovah) and Abram:

The Lord (Jehovah) had said to Abram,  get thee out of thy country and away from your people and for the next twenty-four years Abram obeyed, sacrificed to and walked before the Lord (Jehovah).  Twice Abram had Sarai say she was his sister.  The first time the Lord closed the wombs of the people till Abram prayed.  The second time was after Abram had met Almighty God and God kept the king from sinning, because the king was a righteous man.

The Lord and Moses:

When we read the book of Exodus we find Moses meeting both the Lord and God. He is introduced to both at the same time. He knew they were separate yet one.  The Lord would speak and he would understand it was the will of both. He would speak the Lords words by saying “Thus saith the Lord”.

It was the Lord who told him to throw down his staff, to grab the snake by the tail so it became a staff again.  The Lord directed all the plagues. The Lord that demanded the blood of the Passover.

It very clearly states that it was God that led them out of Egypt. With the Lord ahead and behind to protect them.

Getting to know the Spirit of God (Elohim):

Genesis 1:1-2

King James Version (KJV)

In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

The Spirit of God: The Ruach Elohim: In the Hebrew. The breath or breeze of God moved upon the face of the waters. The Spirit of God, The Holy Spirit, The Holy Ghost, The Spirit of the Lord Are they all different names for the same Spirit? Again the answer is in the Word.

The phrase the Spirit of God appears twenty six times in Scripture and only twice in Genesis. The first in verse 2 (above). The next time when the Pharaoh asked, about Joseph:

Genesis 41:38

King James Version (KJV)

And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?

People are looking for men and women who have the Spirit of God in their lives. Who walk in the light and power of the Almighty. It is the Spirit that draws people to the Lord.

I don’t believe that we fully appreciate the opportunity we have been given, to be at one in the Spirit. The Spirit of God is also mentioned twice in the book of Exodus. Both times by the Lord concerning building his Tabernacle:

Exodus 31

King James Version (KJV)

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,

To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,

And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.

This time the Lord is speaking, the Lord gave the Spirit of God for the building of His Tabernacle. The Lord didn’t give His own Spirit but the Spirit of God. The Spirit is given to us today so that we will build God’s Tabernacle, His body in the world today.

So we see the Spirit is given to draw men to God and to build His kingdom.

When the Spirit of God came upon men in the Old Testament it was a Spirit of wisdom, understanding and knowledge, or a Spirit of prophesy. Some 26 times the Spirit of God is mentioned in the Bible.

It was the Spirit of God that was upon the waters at creation, the Lord set the Spirit of God on the workmen to build the tabernacle. The Spirit of God came upon Balaam, King Saul, David to prophesy.

The Spirit of God decended on Jesus to start His ministry. He cast out devils by the Spirit of God. To be followers of Jesus we must have the Spirit of God within. We cannot understand the things of God without the Spirit of God.   It is by the power of the Spirit of God that miricles are done.

Getting to know the Spirit of the Lord (Jehovah):

Let’s look at the Spirit of the Lord: The (Ruach Jehovah), The Breeze or breath of the Lord. We don’t have any mention of Him untill the book of Judges.

Judges 3:7-10

King James Version (KJV)

And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and forgat the Lord their God, and served Baalim and the groves. Therefore the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years. And when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord, the Lord raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. And the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the Lord delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.

This is not a hard and fast rule but it generally holds true: The Spirit of God brings blessing, wisdom, understanding and knowledge and prophesy. The Spirit of the Lord generally has a warrior connection. Not always but in most references.

You will also find as in this verse the anger of the Lord some thirty times in Scripture, usually directed at the Israelites, sometimes at individuals. I see the anger of God rarely and usually repented of.

We have the Spirit of the Lord in the life of Gidion, to direct him to victory.   When the children of the Lord cried out because of their bondage,  the Lord sent His angel to Gideon.

Gideon asked if the Lord be with us why are we in bondage, where are the signs and wonders our fathers told of?  Where is the God of Elijah?   I have the same question today.

The angel of the Lord called him a mighty man of valor,  go and deliver the people.  The Lord directed all that Gideon did.   Picking out men for the battle.   ( from 20,000 to 300)   To how to fight, stand still blow the trumpets and let the enemy kill each other.

The Spirit of the Lord came upon him and he defeated the enemy. Gideon told the people he freed, he would not rule over them the Lord would.

The time of Jephthah was much like today, the Lord gave Israel the land through a battle won, the losers do not accept the fact.  Jephthah was an outcast called upon to lead Israel in battle.  The Spirit of the Lord came upon him and the battle was won.   The ending was not happy tho read Judges 11.

In the life of Samson the Spirit of the Lord came upon him for strength and to bring vengeance to his enemies.

Many times the Spirit came upon Samson and many times did he do great exploits.   When the Spirit of the Lord left him he didn’t realize it.   He wasn’t a Godly man, just a man God used.   The Lord gave him as a child, to be set apart for the Lords service.

It was the Spirit of the Lord that came upon David when he was anointed King and the Spirit of the Lord that departed from King Saul. Both men were warriors for the Lord.

Luke 4

King James Version (KJV)

The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

Here we have the Spirit of the Lord giving the anointing to preach, heal, deliver, give sight and freedom.

I believe that the Trinity is alive and well in the world today as it is in the Bible. The Lord, God and the Spirit have all distinct and separate natures who are also One in truth and purpose.

The Holy Spirit,  the Spirit of God, the Spirit of the Lord,  the Holy Ghost. All titles that we commonly use to describe the third person of the Trinity. If you have already read the Spirit of God and the Spirit of the Lord you have probably seen that we might need to take another look.

The Spirit of God gives us wisdom, understanding and knowledge,  the ability to understand dreams and prophesy.  While the Spirit of the Lord

gives war or battle attributes:  Strength, courage, direction.  anoints us to preach, heal the sick, blind and deliver the captives.

So what about the Holy Spirit?  Would you be surprised to realize  that “the Holy Spirit”  is only mentioned by name in the Old Testament three times.  We have evil spirits from God and evil spirits from the Lord also spirits of  the holy Gods but the Holy Spirit only Three times?

 Twice in Isaiah 63 concerning the Exodus, and  Davids prayer after being told of his sin with Bathsheba.

Psalm 51:11

King James Version (KJV)

11 Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.

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avid knew the Holy  Spirit,  he was anointed by the Lord, directed by the Lord but unlike King Saul or Samson,  he knew and loved the Lord.  He would have noticed the Spirit of the Lord being taken away.

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he Holy Spirit was grieved when mentioned in the Old Testament.  

Who have we met and what have they done:

God (Elohim) creator and ruler of all.  God of the Trinity said it,  it was so and it was good.   God said Let us create man in our image.

The Spirit of God  (Ruach of Elohim),   moved upon the waters.   The Spirit of God gives us wisdom, understanding and knowledge.  Prophesy,  understanding of dreams and interpretation of same.

The Lord (Jehovah),  the Eternal One.   He was with God at creation.   Is always in agreement with God but has a different character or nature.  You begin to recognize the difference as you read their conversations with Noah, Abraham and Moses.

The Spirit of the Lord. (Ruach of Jehovah),   gave wisdom, strength, courage in battle as well as anointing to preach, heal and deliver.

Evil Spirits from God and the Lord both trouble King Saul after the Spirit of the Lord leaves him.

Finally we find the Holy Spirit    grieved by the behavior of the chosen ones.

I wonder how well they match up in the New Testament?


			

8 thoughts on “JESUS: IN THE OLD TESTAMENT

  1. Isaiah 11:2
    Names of God Bible (NOG)
    2 The Ruach Yahweh will rest on him—
        the Ruach of wisdom and understanding,
        the Ruach of advice and power,
        the Ruach of knowledge and fear of Yahweh.

    Yes He is the three inone…I believe His Name in the Old Testament Was God. John 1:1-5

    Like

  2. Isaiah 9:6
    Names of God Bible (NOG)
    6 A child will be born for us.
        A son will be given to us.
        The government will rest on his shoulders.
        He will be named:
            Wonderful Counselor,
            Mighty God,
            Everlasting Father,
            Sar Shalom.

    Like

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