The Fix-it Shop – New Testament – Names of God

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The Fix-it Shop : The Holy Spirit

We are looking at the Word of God. What we believe may not be what the Word of God says, so always check what you hear or read against what the Bible actually says.

First let us understand in the Hebrew or Chaldee Old Testament the words translated God, Lord and Spirit are as follows :

God : Elohim, means Creator / Supreme Ruler
Lord: Yahweh or Jehovah, means Everlasting or self Existent One

Easton s Bible dictionary has these definitions for Lord:
Lord
There are various Hebrew and Greek words so rendered.

(1.) Heb. Jehovah, has been rendered in the English Bible LORD, printed in small capitals. This is the proper name of the God of the Hebrews. The form “Jehovah” is retained only in Ex. 6:3; Ps. 83:18; Isa. 12:2; 26:4, both in the Authorized and the Revised Version.

(2.) Heb. ‘adon, means one possessed of absolute control. It denotes a master, as of slaves (Gen. 24:14, 27), or a ruler of his subjects (45:8), or a husband, as lord of his wife (18:12).

The old plural form of this Hebrew word is _’adonai_. From a superstitious reverence for the name “Jehovah,” the Jews, in reading their Scriptures, whenever that name occurred, always pronounced it _’Adonai_.

(3.) Greek kurios, a supreme master, etc. In the LXX. this is invariably used for “Jehovah” and “‘Adonai.” (New Testament )

(4.) Heb. ba’al, a master, as having domination. This word is applied to human relations, as that of husband, to persons skilled in some art or profession, and to heathen deities. “The men of Shechem,” literally “the baals of Shechem” (Judg. 9:2, 3). These were the Israelite inhabitants who had reduced the Canaanites to a condition of vassalage (Josh. 16:10; 17:13).

(5.) Heb. seren, applied exclusively to the “lords of the Philistines” (Judg. 3:3). The LXX. render it by satrapies. At this period the Philistines were not, as at a later period (1 Sam. 21:10), under a kingly government. (See Josh. 13:3; 1 Sam. 6:18.) There were five such lordships, viz., Gath, Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, and Ekron.

We see that Lord when it’s from Adoni can be human master or part of the Godhead.

Spirit is Ruach which means breath or breeze of God or the Lord.

In the Old Testament my study has led me to believe Lord : Yahweh or Jehovah is the Father, the self Existent or Everlasting One.

God and Adoni the Creator / Supreme Ruler or Surpreme Master is Jesus in the Old Testament.

I realize this is probably different from our basic Denominational beliefs but I believe it to be so. Please read the Word, ask the Holy Spirit to guide you…I do not want to damage your faith. ….I hope this revelation will draw us closer to Jesus.

Now in the New Testament Greek the words translated Lord, God and Spirit are different again :

Jesus is Yeshua Christ or Messiah, Savior, Lord, Supreme Master

Lord is: Kurios which means Supreme Master when refering to Jesus. ….

God is: Deity or Godhead the Trinity (I believe in most cases refers to the Father in the New Testament ).

Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is: pneuma which means breath or breeze of the Godhead.

Please let me know whether this makes sense to you or if it is clear as mud.

If we look at Isaiah 61:1-2 that Jesus read in the Names of God translation :

The Ruach of Adonay (Supreme Master)  and Yahweh (the Father)is with me
because Yahweh (The Father ) has anointed me
to deliver good news to humble people.
He has sent me
to heal those who are brokenhearted,
to announce that captives will be set free
and prisoners will be released.
2 He has sent me
to announce the year of Yahweh’s good will (this is where Jesus stoped)
and the day of our Elohim’s vengeance,
to comfort all those who grieve.

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